Biela (crater)

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Biela crater 4070 h3.jpg
Coordinates54°54′S 51°18′E / 54.9°S 51.3°E / -54.9; 51.3Coordinates: 54°54′S 51°18′E / 54.9°S 51.3°E / -54.9; 51.3
Diameter76 km
Depth3.1 km
Colongitude310° at sunrise
EponymWilhelm von Biela

Biela is a lunar impact crater that is located in the rugged highlands of the southeastern Moon. It is named after Austrian astronomer Wilhelm von Biela.[1] The crater lies to the east of Rosenberger, to the southeast of the WattSteinheil double crater.

The rim of this crater is overlaid by a pair of small but notable craters: Biela C across the northeast rim and Biela W along the western inner wall. The satellite crater Biela B is attached to the southwestern outer rim, and ejecta from Biela covers the northwestern part of the interior. Despite a certain degree of wear, the rim of Biela remains relatively well-defined, especially in the southeast.

The interior floor is flat and not marked by any craterlets of note. There is a central peak formation of three ridges located just to the northeast of the midpoint.

Satellite craters[edit]

Biela crater and its satellite craters taken from Earth in 2012 at the University of Hertfordshire's Bayfordbury Observatory with the telescopes Meade LX200 14" and Lumenera Skynyx 2-1

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Biela.

Biela Latitude Longitude Diameter
A 52.9° S 53.3° E 26 km
B 56.5° S 49.6° E 43 km
C 54.3° S 53.5° E 26 km
D 55.8° S 56.3° E 14 km
E 56.4° S 56.3° E 8 km
F 56.3° S 54.5° E 9 km
G 56.2° S 53.9° E 10 km
H 57.9° S 54.2° E 8 km
J 57.0° S 52.9° E 14 km
T 53.8° S 49.9° E 7 km
U 53.4° S 49.0° E 16 km
V 53.6° S 48.5° E 6 km
W 55.1° S 49.6° E 16 km
Y 54.9° S 58.0° E 15 km
Z 53.8° S 57.0° E 48 km


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