Biela (crater)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Biela
Biela crater 4070 h3.jpg
Coordinates54°54′S 51°18′E / 54.9°S 51.3°E / -54.9; 51.3Coordinates: 54°54′S 51°18′E / 54.9°S 51.3°E / -54.9; 51.3
Diameter76 km
Depth3.1 km
Colongitude310° at sunrise
EponymWilhelm von Biela

Biela is a lunar impact crater that is located in the rugged highlands of the southeastern Moon. It is named after Austrian astronomer Wilhelm von Biela.[1] The crater lies to the east of Rosenberger, to the southeast of the WattSteinheil double crater.

The rim of this crater is overlaid by a pair of small but notable craters: Biela C across the northeast rim and Biela W along the western inner wall. The satellite crater Biela B is attached to the southwestern outer rim, and ejecta from Biela covers the northwestern part of the interior. Despite a certain degree of wear, the rim of Biela remains relatively well-defined, especially in the southeast.

The interior floor is flat and not marked by any craterlets of note. There is a central peak formation of three ridges located just to the northeast of the midpoint.

Satellite craters[edit]

Biela crater and its satellite craters taken from Earth in 2012 at the University of Hertfordshire's Bayfordbury Observatory with the telescopes Meade LX200 14" and Lumenera Skynyx 2-1

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Biela.

Biela Latitude Longitude Diameter
A 52.9° S 53.3° E 26 km
B 56.5° S 49.6° E 43 km
C 54.3° S 53.5° E 26 km
D 55.8° S 56.3° E 14 km
E 56.4° S 56.3° E 8 km
F 56.3° S 54.5° E 9 km
G 56.2° S 53.9° E 10 km
H 57.9° S 54.2° E 8 km
J 57.0° S 52.9° E 14 km
T 53.8° S 49.9° E 7 km
U 53.4° S 49.0° E 16 km
V 53.6° S 48.5° E 6 km
W 55.1° S 49.6° E 16 km
Y 54.9° S 58.0° E 15 km
Z 53.8° S 57.0° E 48 km

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Biela (crater)". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
  • Andersson, L. E.; Whitaker, E. A. (1982). NASA Catalogue of Lunar Nomenclature. NASA RP-1097.
  • Bussey, B.; Spudis, P. (2004). The Clementine Atlas of the Moon. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-81528-4.
  • Cocks, Elijah E.; Cocks, Josiah C. (1995). Who's Who on the Moon: A Biographical Dictionary of Lunar Nomenclature. Tudor Publishers. ISBN 978-0-936389-27-1.
  • McDowell, Jonathan (July 15, 2007). "Lunar Nomenclature". Jonathan's Space Report. Retrieved 2007-10-24.
  • Menzel, D. H.; Minnaert, M.; Levin, B.; Dollfus, A.; Bell, B. (1971). "Report on Lunar Nomenclature by the Working Group of Commission 17 of the IAU". Space Science Reviews. 12 (2): 136–186. Bibcode:1971SSRv...12..136M. doi:10.1007/BF00171763.
  • Moore, Patrick (2001). On the Moon. Sterling Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-304-35469-6.
  • Price, Fred W. (1988). The Moon Observer's Handbook. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-33500-3.
  • Rükl, Antonín (1990). Atlas of the Moon. Kalmbach Books. ISBN 978-0-913135-17-4.
  • Webb, Rev. T. W. (1962). Celestial Objects for Common Telescopes (6th revised ed.). Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-20917-3.
  • Whitaker, Ewen A. (1999). Mapping and Naming the Moon. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-62248-6.
  • Wlasuk, Peter T. (2000). Observing the Moon. Springer. ISBN 978-1-85233-193-1.