Real Politics Union

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Real Politics Union

Unia Polityki Realnej
PresidentBartosz Józwiak
Vice PresidentTomasz Rzymkowski
Secretary GeneralTomasz Brzezina
Founded14 November 1987 (as a society)
6 December 1990 (as a party)
Headquartersul. Złota 7/18, 00-019 Warsaw
IdeologyCurrent:
National liberalism
National conservatism
Economic liberalism
Right-wing populism
Hard Euroscepticism[1]
Historical:
Libertarian conservatism[2]
Classical liberalism[3]
Right-libertarianism[3]
Laissez-faire
Hard Euroscepticism[1]
Political positionRight-wing[1]
National affiliationNational Movement
(2012-2016)
Kukiz'15
(2015-2019)
Colours     Black
     Azure
     White
Sejm
4 / 460
Senate
0 / 100
European Parliament
0 / 51
Regional assemblies
0 / 552
Party flag
UPR flag.svg
Website
www.uniapolitykirealnej.org.pl

The Real Politics Union (Polish: Unia Polityki Realnej, UPR) is a national conservative and economically liberal political party in Poland. In the past it was right-libertarian and classical liberal.

Ideology[edit]

The party's goals are to create a minimal state, restricted to basic functions such as:

  • Assuring citizen's safety.
  • Assuring required infrastructure to effective government operation.
  • Primary and secondary education financed by the government.
  • Minimum pension for retired people.
  • Funding healthcare for seriously ill and bedridden people.

Popular support and funding[edit]

UPR was founded in 1987 as the classic liberal Real Politics Movement by Janusz Korwin-Mikke, who later became its long-term leader.

In the 1990s and 2000s UPR consistently had the support of 1–2% of voters in general elections, too low to receive public funding under Polish electoral law. As a consequence, it has faced prolonged financial difficulties since its inception. In the 1991 legislative election, the party won 3 seats.

UPR's candidates commenced their political campaign from its short-lived satellite party Janusz Korwin-Mikke's Platform ("Platforma Janusza Korwin-Mikke"). The PJKM also did not manage to cross the required 5% threshold in the 2005 parliamentary elections (it got only 1.57%).

In the parliamentary election in 2007, the UPR candidates campaigned in cooperation with the League of Polish Families but did not enter into a formal coalition. The list on which both the UPR and the League appeared saw the UPR get 1.5% votes. This was insufficient to get any of their candidates into the lower house ("Sejm") and therefore the UPR remains unable to obtain public funding.

In October 2009 Janusz Korwin-Mikke left the party and its another former chairman, Stanisław Michalkiewicz, resigned from his honorary membership. In the following years, party became more nationalist.

In the 2011 Stanisław Żółtek along with pro-Korwinist faction toke part in the foundation of Congress of the New Right, which was led by the former chairman of the UPR Janusz Korwin-Mikke.

In the 2012 UPR along with the All-Polish Youth and National Radical Camp formed far-right political alliance National Movement, which merged into the political party in the 2014.

UPR cooperated with National Movement in the European Parliament election in 2014, Polish local elections in 2014 and the presidential election in 2015. In the Polish parliamentary election in 2015, the whole National Movement stand for the Sejm from the lists of Kukiz'15.

In the 2016 National Movement left Kukiz'15, but the UPR members stayed in.

In the 2019 UPR left Kukiz'15, because it didn't want to join the coalition with Polish People's Party.

Leadership[edit]

Party symbol[edit]

A special colour variation of St George's Cross is used here as a traditional symbol of a struggle for principles. The colours of the flag represent: a struggle for allegiance (blue), virtue (white) and liberty (black).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Basista, Jakub (2005), Carlisle, Rodney P. (ed.), "Poland", The Encyclopedia of Politics: The Left and the Right, Sage, p. 819
  2. ^ Tóka, Gábor (1997). Political Parties in East Central Europe. Consolidating the Third Wave Democracies: Themes and Perspectives. Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 127.
  3. ^ a b Hloušek, Vít; Kopeček, Lubomír (2010), Origin, Ideology and Transformation of Political Parties: East-Central and Western Europe Compared, Ashgate, p. 115

External links[edit]